Over the last few decades, there has been a tremendous rise in the number of doctoral graduates. And the United States is recorded as the largest producer of Ph.Ds, followed by Germany, UK, and India, according to a new report by OECD.
Well, among the emerging economies India doesn’t lag behind. There are 24,300 doctoral graduates in India. Science is hugely popular with Ph.D. candidates with 40% of all new doctorates graduating in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).
The report also finds that the shortage of relevant skills, if it emerged, could require a great dependency on sources of talent from abroad especially from emerging and developing economies like India.
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Several supreme quality educational institutions in India offer respectful PhD degrees. This strongly supports stimulating space for learning and research that keeps students motivated and helps them grow in a competitive environment. Last year, at IIT-Kharagpur 298 research scholars were awarded PhD, reflecting a 20% increase in doctoral degree recipients from last year.
Candidates wanting to pursue PhD can choose from several fields of study ranging from biochemistry, medicine, natural resources, anthropology to computer science. Program requirements and course structure vary as per the University. Many universities hire candidates depending upon performance in the entrance exams.
In fact, many institutes offer scholarships in various specializations. In 2016, Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund Scholarships for doctoral studies awarded a total of 642 scholarships to students from all across India.
However, the OECD report also finds that many PhDs are leaving the research profession due to lack of training and lack of R&D careers. There is growing recognition that they should receive training to provide transferable skills and exposure to industry and other employment sectors. Major employers of R&D personnel, and through performance agreements with Universities and PRIs, Government can influence the research careers to a great extent.
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